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2020年成人高考高起点英语考试章节易考试题及答案汇总(五)

发布时间:2019-11-08    来源:好学通成人高考网

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  四、阅读理解
  Some people hate everything that is modern. They cannot imagine how anyone can really like modern music; they find it hard to accept the new fashions in clothing; they think that all modern painting is ugly; and they seldom have a good word for the new buildings that are being built everywhere in the world. Such people look for perfection in everything, and they take their standards of perfection from the past. They are usually impatient with anyone who is brave enough to experiment with new or to express himself or the age in materials original ways. It is, of course, true that many artists do not succeed in their work and instead produce works that can only be considered as failures. If the work of art is a painting, the artist‘s failure concerns himself alone, but if it is a building, his failure concerns others too, because it may damage the beauty of the whole place. This does sometimes happen, but it is completely untrue to say, as some people do, that modern architecture is nothing.
  We can‘t judge every modern building by the standards of the ancient time, even though we admire the ancient buildings. Technologically, the modern buildings are more advanced. The modern architect knows he should learn from the ancient works, but with his greater resources of knowledge and materials, he will never be content to imitate the past. He is too proud to do that.
  34. Technologically, the modern buildings are more advanced. The sentence means _____.
  A.the ancient architects had no technology
  B.the modern architects use more advanced technology
  C.the modern buildings are advanced because they are completely different from the ancient buildings
  D.the modern buildings are more beautiful
  35. Some people hate everything that is modern because _______.
  A. they are aged
  B. they find it hard to accept modern things
  C. they take their standards of perfection from the Greek
  D. they look at things by the standards of the past
  36. The writer thinks the failure of a building _______.
  A. means nothing
  B. concerns others
  C. concerns only the artist
  D. concerns all the people in the world
  37. The writer of the passage thinks that ________.
  A.it is true to say artists fail in their work
  B.it is untrue to say artists fail in their work
  C.it is true to say some artists fail in their work
  D.it is true to say only painters fail in their work
  38. The writer thinks that _________.
  A.we can‘t judge buildings by the ancient standards
  B.we can‘t judge all the buildings by the ancient standards
  C.we can‘t judge all the modern buildings by the ancient standards
  D.we can‘t judge modern buildings
  参考答案:
  34.B 35.D 36.B 37.C 38.C

  参考译文:
  有些人讨厌一切现代的东西。他们无法想象任何人都能真正喜欢现代音乐;他们发现很难接受服装的新时尚;他们认为所有现代绘画都是丑陋的,而且他们很少对世界各地正在建造的新建筑有好感。这样的人在任何事情上都追求完美,他们从过去开始追求完美。他们通常对任何敢于尝试新事物或以材料原始方式表达自己或年龄的人不耐烦。当然,许多艺术家在工作中没有成功,反而创作出只能被视为失败的作品。如果艺术作品是一幅画,艺术家的失败只涉及他自己,但如果它是一座建筑,他的失败也与他人有关,因为它可能破坏整个地方的美。这种情况有时会发生,但正如有些人所说的那样,现代建筑一文不值是完全不真实的。
  我们不能按古代的标准来评判每一座现代建筑,即使我们欣赏古建筑。从技术上讲,现代建筑更先进。现代建筑师知道他应该从古代的作品中学习,但是他拥有更多的知识和材料,他永远不会满足于模仿过去。他太骄傲了,不能那样做。

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